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Turkish Local Tours >> Blog >> Civilization of Mosaics Zeugma Ancient City
Gypsy Girl in Zeugma Mosaic Art Civilization - Eastern Turkey Travel Photos

Civilization of Mosaics Zeugma Ancient City

A rich in mosaic and art civilization took place in Eastern Anatolia Turkey, where its believed that there are settlements ever since the Ice Age in this very specific area.

Written by Admin of the website.

Zeugma Settlement mostly known for their mosaic arts in eastern part of Turkey


East par of Turkey is known for the earliest civilizations, kingdoms and settlements throughout history

East the door to the anciently myths...

Gypsy Girl on Mosaics og Zeugma Zeugma is such a rich civilization that took place in Eastern Anatolia section of Turkey just like tens of hundreds of civilizations, kingdoms and empires whom were rise and fall at this very land itself. According to recent archaeological researches, there are various different civilizations in Euphrates (Firat) Valley as of Ice Age. We first heard about the name of Zeugma during the Birecik Dam construction. Zeugma Settlement was firstly established by one of the Alexander the Great’s general Seleucus I Nicator in 300 B.C and was named as Seleucus Euphrates.

Historical and Ancient side of the Zeugma settlement.

After the settlement of Seleucus Euphrates, general’s wife established another settlement on the other side of Firat River and those two twin towns were connected by a bridge. This is where the Zeugma name comes, because after the domination of Ancient Roman Empire in the area, general changed the name of those towns as Zeugma which means the bridge-trespassing during the first century B.C. The civilization of mosaic usually goes by the name of Zeugma Commagene in Belirsirma Town.

Coin of the Zeugma Commagene KingdomThe civilization then became a significant important city for trade, strategically located spot for military usage and had become a very rich ancient city that was competing with Athens with a population of 80,000 people and luxurious constructions, houses and building on the shores of Euphrates River. The locals had built a temple of Goddess Thyke whom was the god of Fate and again they have pressed coins one side had the picture of this specific temple and another side was pictured of Roman Eagles that symbolize the power and strength.

Please note this information was valid on the day of publish, the information was gathered from various sources but mostly from the official website of foreign affairs of republic of Turkey. (Photo Courtesy of Panairjdde of Wikipedia)

The city was ruined and burned down after the invasion Sasanian (Neo-Persian Empire) King Shapur I .
Ruins of the Zeugma Ancient City was discovered during a construction project of dam, and is currently within the border of Nizip Town of Gaziantep City in today time which is 10 km on the eastern side of city center. To be specific about the location, it’s actually located at the shores of Birecik Lake inside this small town called Belkis that’s again a small village of Gaziantep City.

Today Zeugma name is mostly known for its world-wide famous mosaics that came from a few hundreds years before Christ.


What makes those mosaics so significant and worldwide know? What are the main characteristic of Zeugma mosaics?
Here are four reasons and four answers for the above questions.

1.) The numbers of the Tesserae used within the mosaics
2.) The amount of the colors, tints and successfully usage of those on the mosaics.
3.) The perspective and the depth values used on the mosaics
4.) The signatures where the mosaic artists have signed their own ones.

Below are some of the photos of the Zeugma Mosaics from Eastern Turkey Anatolia

Eros and Psyche Zeugma Mosaic Eastern Anatolia

Eros and Psyche mosaic of Zeugma Gaziantep

Achilles Mosaic Zeugma

Mosaic of Achielles in Zeugma Museum in Gaziaptep City

Photos used in this very documents are courtesy of DereTepe by the author named Assolist
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